Wildlife subject can be divided in two groups:
Wild and under human control.By shooting one or the other you can produce
great images.Of course, there's nothing more exciting than capturing a spectacular image of a wild animal in its natural environment, but many times it's not possible to travel to exotic locations or spend days or weeks tracking an animal. What's more, many animals are extremely dangerous.
How to Shoot Wildlife Photography: Close-up vs. EnvironmentalIt's not necessarily desirable to always get full-frame head shots of wildlife - you can always take head shots in a zoo. Including the environment along with an animal gives a sense of place, and if the location happens to be spectacular then it becomes an integral part of the composition. Still, the subject should be significant enough in the frame to make a statement.
In many cases, a vehicle can gain a closer approach to a wild animal than a person can on foot. For example, most wildlife in national parks have grown accustomed to vehicles, and they know there's no threat.
Shooting from a vehicle can be done using a stable platform that attaches firmly to the driver's door when the window is rolled down. (These door mounts are available through various sources.) You can also use a burlap or fabric pouch filled with uncooked rice, beans or coarse sand.
Finding Wildlife Subjects to PhotographThere are many options for locating wildlife - even if you live in the city. One technique is to try the Internet.
How to Shoot Wildlife Photography the Right Way: Keep Things SteadyIn addition to doing your wildlife photography in the best light, I strongly suggest using a tripod whenever possible. When photographing with a tripod is not possible, use a bean bag or some other stable support.
Image stabilization lenses, if you can afford them, go a long way to helping wildlife photographers get sharp pictures in low light. They minimize camera movement when you hand hold them, which in turn gives you more flexibility in your shooting. However, I would still recommend a tripod when it's feasible.
There are five types of lighting that you have available to you when photographing outdoors. Light can illuminate a subject from:
- the front,
- the side,
- the back,
- a three-quarter angle, or
- within, where a translucent object seems to glow from within.
Contrast Reduction When the Sun is LowWhen the sunlight is low to the horizon, contrast is reduced. Contrast is significantly lower than when the sun is higher in the sky. The lower the sun is to the horizon, the lower the contrast will be. This will allow both the shadows and highlights in your wildlife photography to have a pleasing degree of detail.
I prefer the natural look that ambient light gives,as long as I can choose the type of lighting.You should try to avoid direct sunlight during the middle of the day.Shade can be much more attractive for outdoor portrait because it retains the subtle light and dark relationships on your subject.Flash even fill flash,tends to eliminate or reduce those subtle details.